Étudier à Montpellier

Welcome to Paul-Valéry University, Montpellier 3

Here is some information about the university where you will be spending your study abroad year. It should make you feel more comfortable about what you are going to find on this side of the Atlantic.

The University of Montpellier was officially founded in 1289 by a bull of Pope Nicholas IV, but the city was already a center of learning. A school of Medicine (started with the contribution of Jewish scholars in exile from Spain) was established in the early twelfth century, and a school of law soon followed.

The papal edict simply made one institution of the Schools, adding a School of Arts to provide a course of general studies (studium generale), and allowing the students to take degrees (licencia docendi) that were conferred on them by the Bishop of Maguelone.

The university gradually detached itself from the Church, although the older university buildings in the city center are still an extension of the Cathedral, and professors of medicine retain some of the privileges of Canons.

The development of the university was slowed down by the Wars of Religions. During medieval and modern times, the Faculty of Medicine was the most important, vying with Paris for the first rank in France, enjoying a high international reputation, and receiving students and scholars from all Europe.

The Napoleonic reform of higher education led to the creation of a Faculty of Sciences in 1809.

The College of Arts was also made into a faculty at the same time, but only for a brief time, and the Faculty of Arts was finally established only in 1838.

By that time, the university, to which the Faculty of Pharmacy had been added, had the type of organisation that was to last down to a very recent period. In 1970, as a consequence of the increasing number of students (especially during the preceding decade), as a consequence of the fact that two of the Faculties (Arts and Sciences) had to move to campus sites outside the town, and also of the tensions that had resulted from the major crisis in the university still euphemistically referred to as Les événements de Mai 1968, the university was divided into three distinct universities.

Each university is to a large extent autonomous, and has its own President and administration. It must be noted, however, that in accordance with the French principle of centralization they remain loosely grouped under the distant supervision of a Recteur, appointed by the Ministry of Education, who is in charge of the whole educational system in the region of Languedoc-Roussillon, and thus, under the additional title of Chancelier des Universités, of the four universities, with the inclusion under his jurisdiction of the Université of Perpignan founded in 1979 from an existing university college. By 2010, the three universities of Montpellier will be fused into one.



Venir à Montpellier en cotutelle de thèseLes formations de l'upvm



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